Our Rats Diet
Diet in a rats short life is very, very important. Rats should be given no sugars, low salts, low or no soy and fresh grains, vegetables and fruits on a daily basis. Store bought diets (most of them) are horrible. They are full of corns, and sugars that are unnecessary fillers. You can really make the diet for your for your babies as elaborate or as simple as you wish.
I feed my rat a mix I make here. It contains everything I know a rat needs to sustain a long healthy life. The rats are offered fresh fruits and vegetables every day. I also fodder seeds for the rats I find the fresh sprouts to be much more fulfilling. My rats are given "chop" every other day that I make once a month and freeze up to have ready for them. I breed my own meal worms for the rats to munch on. The rats also get a lil'bit of our dinner each night I think its the highlight of their day, you can catch them all lined up at the playpen waiting for their share each night.
Raining Rats typical daily feed day:
AM: Couple pieces of Oxbow Regal Rat
PM: Daily diet/Fresh Veggies
Always available in hopper: Halen Tek 18% lab block
Every other day chop and sprouts
The diet is designed to be lower in protein (@18%), sugar and salt. You may find some recipes call for cereal and have for years. I find almost all these cereals to contain very high levels of sugar and would recommend you stay away from these they can and do cause tumors. You can always add a high grade fish based kibble to our mix for younger rats otherwise this diet is great for the life of our rats. Your best bet is to just purchase RRRA Dry food from our Etsy store the link is located in our navigational menu at the top of our site. If you would like to purchase a pelleted diet then Oxbow would be best. I include this in my mix and think it’s a wonderful food on its own. I suggest getting a bag of Oxbow and a bag of my food and mixing these two to last longer for both and have a bit of a mix. *Freeze any food that wont be used with in a few weeks*
Rats only need about 2 tablespoon per rat per day.If you supplement with fresh items then even less required. Rats can pick out what they like first and come back for what they need later. The food may contain husks that the rat will remove and leave the shell over. These can be dumped with each new feeding.
RRRA Dry Food:
@Two tablespoon per rat per day is a good general rule for feeding. I offer this mix as free fed here at my house and feed every other day, to ensure they are even eating those they may stash.
Ingredients: Barley, Oats, Rat Lab Block, lentils, dried peas, split peas, millet, groats, black sunflower, pasta, coconut flake, brand cereal, wheat cereal, rice cereal rainbow pasta, mealworms- treats
RRRA Mush (warm food)
RRRA Mush is a mix grains and helpful herbs for immune support. This is a very easily made food for your lil’ones that is prepared just as you would rice. One part mush to two-parts water. You can prepare on the stovetop or in a instapot- just do not over cook. Serving size is only about a tablespoon per rat. I suggest making up a cup of this mush then take an ice cube tray and once its prepared lay it out in the tray and freeze the tray, once frozen you can pop them out and they are serving sizes ready for 2-3 rats. Healthy add in’s I also suggest are yogurt, raw egg (shell included), chicken (bone too!) cottage cheese, coconut oil, or yogurt.
Ingredients: Barley, 9 grain organic mix, brown and black rice, couscous, quinoa, wheat germ, green split peas, yellow split peas, lentils, coconut, cumin, green mush powder, grape seed extract, chia seed, flaxseed, wheatgrass, seaweed, dried fruits/veggies, melatonin, sage, flaxseed, chickweed, milk thistle, garlic, oregano, basil, rosemary, flowers, turmeric, cinnamon, fig, goji berries, *mung bean
My homemade treats are made with whole gains and devoid sugar and salts as much as possible.
Pumpkin: Canned whole pumpkin, Oats, Whole Egg, Maple, Coconut Oil, Baking powder
Chocolate Chia: Cocoa, Oats, Egg, Chia, Coconut Oil, baking powder
Mush: RRRA Mush, Coconut Flour, Egg, olive oil, baking powder
Golden Milk: Golden Milk, Egg, oat flour,
Rodent Breeder 6f Mazuri
Ingredients (in descending order of inclusion)Ground Corn, Dehulled Soybean Meal, Wheat Middlings, Ground Wheat, Cane Molasses, Soybean Oil, Fish Meal, Wheat Germ, Porcine Animal Fat Preserved with BHA and Citric Acid, Ground Oats, Brewers Dried Yeast, Calcium Carbonate, Salt, Dehydrated Alfalfa Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Ground Soybean Hulls, Dried Plain Beet Pulp, Dicalcium Phosphate, Calcium Propionate (a preservative), Dried Whey, Porcine Meat and Bone Meal, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Sucrose, Choline Chloride, DL-Methionine, Yucca schidigera Extract, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (Vitamin K), Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3), Manganous Oxide, Folic Acid, Zinc Oxide, Biotin, Thiamine Mononitrate, Ferrous Carbonate, Vitamin A Acetate, Calcium Pantothenate, DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate (Vitamin E), Vitamin B12 Supplement, Riboflavin Supplement, Copper Sulfate, Nicotinic Acid, Zinc Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Cobalt Carbonate.
Teklad Global 18%
Ingredients (in descending order of inclusion)- Ground wheat, ground corn, wheat middlings, dehulled soybean meal, corn gluten meal, soybean oil, calcium carbonate, dicalcium phosphate, brewers dried yeast, iodized salt, Llysine, DL-methionine, choline chloride, kaolin, magnesium oxide, vitamin E acetate, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin K activity), manganous oxide, ferrous sulfate, zinc oxide, niacin, calcium pantothenate, copper sulfate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin, thiamin mononitrate, vitamin A acetate, calcium iodate, vitamin B12 supplement, folic acid, biotin, vitamin D3 supplement, cobalt carbonate.
Teklad Global 14%
Ingredients: Wheat middlings, ground wheat, ground corn, corn gluten meal, calcium carbonate, soybean oil, dicalcium phosphate, iodized salt, L-lysine, DL-methionine, choline chloride, niacin, vitamin A acetate, biotin, pyridoxine hydrochloride, thiamine mononitrate, vitamin D3 supplement, folic acid, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin K activity), vitamin E supplement, vitamin B12 supplement, riboflavin, calcium pantothenate, ferrous sulfate, magnesium oxide, manganous oxide, zinc oxide, copper sulfate, calcium iodate, cobalt carbonate, chromium potassium sulfate. Does not contain alfalfa or soybean meal, thus minimizing the occurrence of natural phytoestrogens. Absence of animal protein and fish meal eliminates the presence of nitrosamines.
Ingredients include: Turmeric, Ginger, Baby Wheat Cereal, Baby Formula, cracked chia seed, raw honey granules
To make this mix powder 1/2 warm water.
Turmeric: is an anti-inflammatory, one of the strongest anti-inflammatory compounds in the world. Science suggests it to be up to 10 times stronger than prednisone. It also relieves pain. It's safe for rats too.
Ginger: treatment may have a protective effect against liver damage and oxidative stress in rats through free radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory activity as well as regenerating endogenous antioxidant defense system mechanisms.
Honey: Honey has antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, useful in stimulation of wounds and burns healing and gastric ulcers treatment
Chia Seed: The dietary chia seeds prevented the onset of high lipids and fats in the blood, and helped to reduce abdominal fat.
I use this blend for my older Rats(18 months plus). All thats needed is 1/2 hot water, mix and serve. However, I like to add a small amount of coconut oil and a small amount of CoQ10. I offer this 3x a week for support and daily for a rat with a tumor. A little goes a long way.
Green Mush Powder
Goji/Raspberry vegetable formula
Rice baby cereal
Coriolis have been found to support and enhance Natural Killer cell function, to stimulate depressed lymphocyte proliferation, and to support the healthy growth of white blood cells. Also, the research shows these constituents to be effective in supporting normal cell growth, improving cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and increasing interleukin-2 production and T-cell proliferation.*
Power Mushrooms used to treat cancer and immune deficiency. May slow growth of tumors extremely non toxic makes it very safe.
Turmeric, the bright yellow of the spice rainbow, is a powerful medicine that has long been used in the Chinese and Indian systems of medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat a wide variety of conditions.
CoQ10 Many claims are made about CoQ10. It is said to help heart failure, as well as cancer, muscular dystrophy, and periodontal disease. It is also said to boost energy and speed recovery from exercise. Some people take it to help reduce the effects certain medicines can have on the heart, muscles, and other organs.
Pau d’arco is also used for cancer. Interest in this use was intensified by extensive research in the 1960s that focused on the possible anti-cancer activity of lapachol, one of the chemicals in pau d’arco. However, research studies were stopped because, at the amounts needed to be effective against cancer, pau d’arco might well be poisonous. Among other things, it can cause severe internal bleeding.
Milk thistle used for fatty liver disease and an antioxidant. Great for liver health through out life.
Grape Seed is a wonderful antioxidant
Glucosamine is a natural chemical compound found in the body. As a supplement, glucosamine is most often used to try to ease the joint pain caused by arthritis.
You can see I use a lot of herbs in my foods for my rats. I find them to work wonderful for the little ones immune support to make them live happy and healthy. I like to save using any antibiotic’s for the rats when they really, really need them so that they will do their job properly.
Because rats can really have just about anything, rather then list what they can have here is a list of foods rats shouldnt have:
Bitter Almond – Bitter almonds may yield from 6 to 8% of hydrogen cyanide
Blue Cheese – Contains Toxic Mold (thought to be incorrect – 08/25/2013)
Fats (from meats) – Rats do not have gall bladders and therefore they do not have the enzymes needed to digest the fat of meat.
Green Bananas – Inhibits starch digestion
Green Potato Skin and Eyes – Contains solanine, a toxin
Orange Juice – May contain d-limonene which can cause kidney cancer in male rats
Poppy Seeds – Can cause neurological damage, or may cause death.
Raw Artichokes – Inhibits protein digestion
Raw Bulk Tofu – May contain bacteria (packaged tofu is safe)
Raw Dry Beans or Peanuts – Contain anti-nutrients, causes red blood cell clumping
Raw Onion – Can lead to anemia and an upset stomach
Raw Red Cabbage and Brussels Sprouts – Contains an anti-nutrient that destroys thiamin
Raw Sweet Potato – Contains cyanide-forming compounds
Rhubarb – Contains high levels of oxalates that bind up calcium.
For those that love to bake for their babies like me :) Here is a few recipes I often use:
The -sugar free- Rat Birthday Cake
1 cup sesame flour
1/2 cup ground flaxseed
1/3 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
1 cup Oats
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 Egg (shell and all)
1 teaspoon white vinegar
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
5 tablespoons avocado oil or Coconut or Hemp oil
1 tablespoon Raw Honey
1 cup water or greek yogurt
Preheat your oven to 350 degrees F.
Line an 8 by 8 baking pan with parchment paper.
Whisk together the first 7 dry ingredients.
Slowly incorporate wet ingredients.
Pour the water over the top and stir until smooth.
Spread the batter into the baking pan.
Place in the middle rack of your oven and bake for 30 minutes or until a toothpick in the center comes clean.
Allow to cool for 10 minutes then remove by holding the ends of the parchment paper.
Place onto a cutting board to frost then slice.
Rat Safe Frosting:
1 bag frozen cauliflower OR
Box instant mashed potato (to thicken) or
I boil the bag os cauliflower, then mash with a potato masher then add in potato to thicken to a pipping desire. I will add in food coloring if desired or greek yogurt to cream up.